The introduction of high-quality instant coffee is fast changing the dynamics of the market. Read on below to learn more about this product.
What Is Instant Coffee?
Instant coffee is still real coffee as there are no additives used in the above-described production process.
How Is Instant Coffee Made?
Instant coffee is made using two different methods, spray drying and freeze drying.
Of the two, spray-drying produces a massive amount of instant coffee in the shortest amount of time and at the lowest cost. The resulting powder is finer and rounder than the instant coffee produced through freeze drying.
Freeze drying, on the other hand, is an intricate process that leads to the production of high-quality instant coffee. The result is a granular powder that does not crumble easily. Instant coffee produced through this method tends to be pricier than its spray-dried counterpart.
Even though instant coffee is extracted from regularly brewed coffee, the extraction processes described above rob it of its flavor and aroma. Freeze-dried coffee usually retains much of its flavor owing to the gentler extraction methods used.
However, spray-dried instant coffee loses most of its flavor as a result of the harsh extraction methods, such as exposure to very high temperatures, used.
Generally, instant coffee has a lower level of caffeine than regular ground coffee. However, this, in part, depends on the type of beans used to produce instant coffee in the first place. If you are interested in less caffeine, consider going for an instant coffee extracted from a dark roast Arabica as opposed to one derived from a light roast or a Robusta.
You can also find decaffeinated instant coffee as well.
Even though instant coffee is perishable, once packed into envelopes or tubes, it can last for up to a year without losing any flavor.
Today, you will find a variety of instant coffee products including single sourced specialty products, most of which are 100 percent Arabica, and Robusta products, which are considered to be relatively lower quality, and blends.
Coffee lovers, therefore, get the opportunity to choose their preferred type of instant coffee from this available variety.
In the past, instant coffee was considered to be the cheaper form of coffee on the market. However, the introduction of high-quality instant coffee is costlier than the lower quality instant coffees of years past. As a result of the higher quality coffee beans and more expensive extraction process, freeze-dried instant coffee is pricier than its spray-dried alternative.
The Bottom Line
Even though instant coffee is yet to equal the quality and rich flavor associated with ground coffee, technological advancements have made the extraction of a high-quality product possible.