Germination is the name of the process where new plants start to grow up from seeds. It’s also known as ‘popping’. Whatever you choose to call it, it’s going to be the first step you take in establishing a cannabis garden. You can get cannabis seeds from a number of different sources, and their quality will vary. Online seed banks are typically the best place to go for both genetic diversity and quality. However, you should note that doing overseas transactions can fall into legal limbo in many nations.
Are Your Seeds Ready?
When you acquire seeds, you need to be sure that have matured, which means that they have a hard feel and have a darker brown color with lighter accents. What you don’t want is any seed that looks green or feels fresh, as this might indicate a seed which never reached its full maturity.
Once you get your cannabis seeds, be sure that you have enough space to let them grow up healthy. Never pop seeds if you’re not sure of your gardening intentions, availability of time, and growing space. Rather, be sure that you answer a number of logistical questions prior to starting.
Cannabis seeds typically require three different things in order to germinate. They are air, heat, and water. Due to this, you can use a number of different methods to germinate any seeds that you have. A simple and frequently used method incorporates paper towels that are saturated in water.
To use this method, you’ll need seeds, paper towels, and a pair of clean plates.
- Take four sheets of your paper towels before soaking them using distilled water. The sheets need to get soaked, and they also shouldn’t have any excess water running off of them.
- Use two of those paper towels and then placing them onto the plate. Then, put the cannabis seeds a minimum of an inch away from one another before covering them with your remaining two sheets from the water-soaked paper towels.
- Grab the second plate and then flip it upside down so you can cover up the seeds. This dome-like space means your seeds are in a dark-yet-protected space.
- Be sure that you keep their area warm. The ideal temperature range is going to be between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
Once you finish all these steps, then it’s time for you to wait. You can always check in on your paper towels to be sure that there is still saturation. If they look like they might be losing a bit of their moisture, then you can put more water there in order to keep your seeds happy.
How Long Does Germination Take?
You may find that some seeds will germinate quite quickly, whereas others might need a few days. You will know that a seed has germinated when the seed splits and then a single sprout will appear. This is called the ‘tap root’, and it’s a successful sign of germination. It’s crucial to keep this whole area sterile, so don’t touch any of the seeds, much less the tap root, once they begin to split.
When you see tap roots, then it’s time to start transplanting your germinated seeds into their growing medium. It’s smart to start with small 2-inch pots. Fill these pots with potting soil that is loose and airy, and poke a hole near the middle using a pencil or pen, making it around a 1/4-inch down. In order to transfer one seed, pick it up gently using a pair of tweezers. Then, you can drop the seed into the hole so that the taproot is facing down, before you cover it with soil lightly.
The next step is going to be watering the soil. You’ll initially use a spray bottle to provide sufficient moisture without saturating the soil too much. You need to give your seeds water, but if you over-water them, you might suffocate or even kill the sprout. Be mindful of both the moisture levels and temperature of the soil so that you can keep your seeds happy. Within a week or two, you should start seeing seedlings start growing from your soil.
Germinating seeds won’t always go as you plan. Some of the seeds will turn out to be duds. Others are going to go slow and need more time before they sprout. Some seeds are going to pop up quickly and then grow quite quickly. This is the wonderful thing about seeds, you can sometimes tell which genetics or plants are going to thrive right from the start, which helps you know which plants to use for cuttings and clones or to breed with other plants that are strong to make your own seed bank.